In this article, I write down a quick git commands cheat sheet. It will include commands that developers use everyday like
git fetch and also shared other useful commands of git.
Git Command I Use All The Time - Git Cheat Sheet
So let's get started:
1. git init
This command is used to initialize a project as a git repository.
2. git remote add origin
git remote add origin https://github.com/axaysushir/project-name.git
This command is used to add or connect to a remote repository.
3. git remote
This command is used to view connected remote repositories.
4. git status
This command is used to view the status of files in your local repository. Are files tracked? untracked? modified?
5. git add
// add single file git add index.html // or add one or more files git add index.html style.css style.scss // add all modified files on current directory git add .
This command is used to stage modified or untracked files.
git add . This command is used to stage ALL unstaged files.
6. git reset
This command is used to unstage files.
7. git commit
This command is used to commit staged files.
git commit -m “
git commit -m "added navigation bar"
This command is used to commit staged files AND provide a commit message for the commit history.
8. git push -u origin
git push -u origin master
This command is used to push committed files to the remote repository(aka GitHub) in the specified branch. Use this command for the very first time you push files to the remote repository. It will establish where you are pushing these files to. The next time(s) you push files, you can use git push
This command is used to push committed files to the remote repository. You can only use this command to push files to the remote repository AFTER having pushed files using the previous command.
9. git fetch
This command is used to fetch the most updated version of your local repository. It checks for new files, new branches, deletions etc.
10. git pull
This command is used to take that information you just fetched and pull it into your local repository. This updates your local repository to the most updated version of your remote repository.
11. git rm -r — cached
git rm -r — cached config.js
This command is used to remove a file from the remote repository(GitHub) without deleting it in your local repository.
This command is used to preview the branch you are currently on
git branch -a
This command is used to preview all the branches in your local and remote repository.
git branch -r
This command is used to preview all the branches in your local repository (aka branches you have already visited).
This command is used to create a new branch in your local repository.
13. git checkout — track origin/
git checkout --track origin/develop
This command is used to switch branches. This is specifically for when you are visiting a branch (created in GitHub/remote repository) for the very first time.
14. git checkout
git checkout master git checkout develop
This command is used to switch to branches you have already visited before.
15. git merge
This command is used to merge two branches together. To do this, enter the branch that you want to inherit the changes. And the branch name you would use along with this command is the branch that will provide the changes.
Example: master branch will inherit code from develop branch
git merge develop
16. git merge — abort
This command is used to abort a merge.
If there are no conflict errors, merges will always be successful. Ergo, this abort can only be used in situations where a merge failed.
How will you know this can be used?
For starters, your terminal will say merge failed. It may also tell you to fix the merge conflicts.
Here is another sign: Image description
Look at the very end of the first line. In parentheses, it says (master). This is because we are in the master branch. If you are in the develop branch, it would say (develop).
If your merge fails, it will say (master|merging) or something like that. Maybe it says merge or maybe it’s a forward slash or maybe you’re in another branch. Regardless, you get the idea.
This indicates your merge failed.
git merge --abort would just abort the merge entirely.
17. git merge -X theirs
git merge -X theirs develop
This command is used to merge two branches together. And if there are merging conflicts, this command will just assume that you’d prefer the changes made in the mentioned branch (rather than the current one).
18. git reset — hard HEAD
This command will erase all the changes you’ve made in your local repository and update it to the latest version that was committed to GitHub.
19. git clean -f
This command is used to delete untracked files in your local repository
20. git clean -d
This command is used to delete untracked directories in your local repository. You can also combine it into git clean -fd to do both.
21. git bisect (Added By new user)
The git bisect command is used to discover the commit that has introduced a bug in the code. It helps track down the commit where the code works and the commit where it does not, hence, tracking down the commit that introduced the bug into the code.
22. git reset HEAD^ (Added By John Doe)
This command moves the current branch backward by two commits, effectively removing the two snapshots we just created from the project history. it reverts an accidental commit and keep the changes.
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